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Xxx xxxxxx xx xx xxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx x 1973, xx Xxx Xxxxxx-xxxxxx xxxx xx. Xxx xx xxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx, xxxxx xx xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx xx xxxx xx. Xxxxx xxx xx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxx x xxx xxxxxxxx xxxxxx. Xxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxx xxxxx xx xxxxx xx, xx xxxxxx x Xxxx xxxx xxxxxx x 1979. Xxxxx xx xxx xxxx xxx xx, xxxx Xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx xxxx xxxx Xxxxxxx.
Xx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxx xxxx x Xxxxxxxxxxx, xxx xxx xxxxx xxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx xx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx. Xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxx xx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxx xx xxx, xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xx Xxx xxxxx Xxxx. X Xxxxxx xxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx xx XX, xxxxxxxxxx Xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xx Xxxxxxx.

Europæisk sikkerhedspolitik
Xx Xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxx xxx x Xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx x 1968, xxxx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxx xxx xxxxx xx xxx xxxxxxxx xxxxxx. Xxxxxxxxx xxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxx x 1960'xxxx xxxx xxxxxx, xx xxx xxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxx x Xxxxxx.
X 1969 xxxxxxxx Xxxxxxxx-xxxxxx, xx xxx xxxx xxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx. Xx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx, xx Xxxxxxx xxxxxx xx xxxx xxxxxxxxx. Xxxxxxxx xxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx, Xxxxx Xxxxxx, xx xxxxxxx xx xx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx Xxxxxxxxxxxxx xx Xxxxxxxxx.
Xxx Xxxxx 'Xxxxxxxxxx' xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx xxxxxx Xxxxxxxxxxxx, Xxxxxxxxxxxxx, Xxxxx xx Xxxxxxxxxxx. Xxxxx xxx xxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx xxx, xx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx. Xxx xxxx xxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxx xxx, xx xxxx XXX (Xxxxxxxxxxxx) xx XXX (Xxxxxxxxxxx) xxxx xxxxxxx x XX.
Xx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx x Xxxxxxxx x 1973 xxx xx xxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxx x Xxxxxx (xxxxxxxxx XXXX). Xx xxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxx xxxxxxx xxx xxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxx x Xxxxxxxx x 1975 (Xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx).
X xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxx Xxxxxxx xxxxx. Xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx, xx xxx xxxx xxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxx xxxx x Xxxxxxx x 1978 xx x Xxxxxx x xxxxxxxxxxx xx 1980'xxxx. Xxx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxx xxx xxxxx xxxxxx xxxx xxx xxxxxxxxx x xxxxxxxxx xxxxxx Xxxxxxxxxxxxx xx XXX. Xxxxx xxx xxxx xxx xxxxxx, xx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xxx x Xxxxxxxxxxx x 1979.

Europa i forandring
X 1970'xxxx xxxx Xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxx xx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xx Xxx xxxxxxxx Xxxxx, xxx xxxx xxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxx. X Xxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx x 1974 xxxxx xxx xxxxxx xxxxxx x xxxxxxxxxxxxx x Xxxxxx xx x 1975 xxxx xxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx x Xxxxxxx xxxxx Xxxxxxx xxx.
X Xxxxxxxxxx xx Xxxxxxx xxxxxxxx xxx xxxx xxx. X 1967 xxxxxxx xxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxx, xx xxxx Xxxxxxxxxx 2. xxxxxxxxxxx x xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx. X xxxxxxxx xxxxx xx xxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxx xx xxxxxx, xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx, xxxxxxxxx xxx xxxxx xxxxx x xxxxx x Xxx. Xxxxxx Xxxxxxxx Xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx, xxx xxxxxxxx xxx 1968 xxx xxxxxxxx.
X xxxxxx 1973 xxxx xxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx, xxx Xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxx xxxx xxxxxxx xx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx. X 1970'xxxx xxx Xxxxxxxxxx xx Xxxxxxx xxx xxxxx xx xxxx xxx xxxxxxxx, xx xxxxxxxx x xxxx-xxxxxx 1974 xxxxxxxxxx Xxxxxx xx xxxxxxx xxxx xxxxxxxx xxx. Xxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx Xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx (x 1983 xxxx Xxx xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx Xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxx xx Xxxxxxx).
Xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx 1950'xxxx xx 1960'xxxx xxxxxxxx xx xxx xxxxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx (xxxxxxxx, xxxxxxxx, xxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxx) xxx xxxx xx xxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx.
X xxxxxxxxxxx xx 1970'xxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxx xxx xxxxx. Xxx xx xx xxx xxx xxx x xx xxxxxxxxxxx, xxx xxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxx xxx Xxxxxxxxxx (Xxxxxxxx xx Xxxxxxxxx), xxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx xxx. Xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx x xx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx (Xxxxxxx, Xxxxxxxxxx xx Xxxxxx), xxx xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx. Xxxxx xxx x 1980 xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxx, xx xxx xxxxx xxxxx xxx xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx.
X Xxxxxxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxx xx xxxx xxxxx. Xx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx Xxx xxxxxxxxxx Xxxxxxxxxxxx (XX), xxx Xxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxx Xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx. Xxx xxxxxxx xxxx xxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxx xxxxxxx x 1969, xx Xxxxxxx xx Xxxxxx xxxx xxx xxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxx. Xxxxx xxxxx xxx xx xxxxxxxxx xx XX xxx xxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx x 1957 xxx xx, xx Xxxxxxx, Xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xx Xxxxxx xxxx xxxxxxxxx x 1973.

Afspænding
Xxxxxxxx xxxxxxx Xxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx xx xxxxx xxxxxxx xxx xx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx xxx Xxxxx xx XXX. Xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx Xxxxxxxxxxxxx.
Xxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx, xx Xxx xxxxxxxxx Xxxxxxxxxxxxx x 1971 xxxxxxxxxx Xxx xxxxxxxxx Xxxxxxxx(Xxxxxx) xxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xx XX'x Xxxxxxxxxxxxx. Xxxx xxxxx xxxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx Xxxxxxx Xxxxx Xxxx, xxxxxxx xxxx xxx xx xxxxxx xxx xxx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx xx xx xxxxx.
Xx xxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx x xxxxxxxxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx. Xx xx xxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxx x xxxx x 1962 xxxxx xxxx xx xx xxxxxxxxxxx xxx xx xxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxx xxx xx xxx, xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx, xxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxx xxx xx xxxxxxx. Xxx xxxxxxx xxx xx xxxxxxx, xxx xxxxx xxx xxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx, xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xx x Xxxxxxxxx Xxxx Xxxxxxxxxx Xxxxx, xxxx xxxxxxxxx XXXX.
Xxx xxxxxx XXXX-xxxxxx xxxx xxxxxxx x 1972 x Xxxxxx. Xxxxxxxx xxxxx xxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xx xxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxx, xxx xxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx xx XXX, Xxxxxxxxxxxxx xx Xxxxxxxxxxxxxx. Xxxxx xx xxx xxx xxxxxx XXXX-xxxxxx xxx xxx xx XX-xxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx, xxx xxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx xx 73 xxxxx, xxx xxxxxxxxxx xx Xxxxxxxx xx Xxxx.
X 1972-1973 xxxxxxxxxx XXXX-2 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx x Xxxxx xx x xxxx 1973 xxxxxx Xxxxxx Xxxxxxxx xx Xxxxxxx Xxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxx-xxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxx xx xxx xxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx x Xxxxxxxxxxxxx, xx xxxxxxxx XXXX-xxxxxxxx (Xxxxxx xxx Xxxxxxxx Xxxxx Xxxxxxxxxx).

Nye spændinger
Xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx, xx x Xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx, xx XXX xxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxxx x xx xxxxx xxx xxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xx xxxx xxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxx Xxxxxxxxxx.
XXX xxxxx xxx Xxxxxxxxxxx-xxxxxxxxx xxxx xx xxx xxxxxxxx "xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx"-xxxxxxxx. Xxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxx xxx xxx xx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xx xx xxxxxxxx xxxx, xxx xxx xxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx.
Xxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx x xxxx Xxxxxxxxxxxx, xx xxx xxxxxxxx xx xx xxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxx x, xx xxxxxx xxxx xxxxxxx xx Xxxxxxxx-xxxxxx, xxxx xx XXX xxxxxxx xxxx xxx xxxxxxxxx.
Xxxx x xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxx xxx xx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx. Xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx xxxxx x 1970'xxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx xx xxxxxxxx xx xxxxx xxxxxxxx, XX-4 xx XX-5, xxx xxxxxxxx XX-20-xxxxxxxx. Xx xxx xxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxx xx xxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xx xxx xxxxx xxxx xxxxxxxxx. XXXX'x xxxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxx xxxxxxxxx Xxxxxxxx XX-xxxxxxxx. Xxxxx xxxxxxxxxx Xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx xx xxxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxx x Xxxxxx.
Xxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xx xx xxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx, xx xxxxxx xxx xxx xxxxx xx xxxxxx XXXX-xxxxxx, xxx xxxx xxxxxxx x 1979, xxxxx xxxx. Xxx xxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx xx Xxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxx Xxxxx Xxxxxx, xxx xxx xxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx xx XXX xx xxxxx xx Xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx xx Xxxxxxxxxxx. Xxx xxx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx xxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxxx. Xx xxx xxxx-xxxxxxxxx xxxx xxxxx xxx xxx, xx XXX xxxxxxxxxx Xx xxxxxxxxx Xxxx x Xxxxxx x xxxxxxxx 1980. Xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xx x xxxxxx.

Efter Vietnam
X 1968 xxxxx xx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx, xx Xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxx xxxxx xxxxxx; xx xxx xxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxx xx xxxxx xxxx xx xxxx xxxxxx, xxxx xxxx xxx xxxxx xx xxxxxxx. Xxxxxxxxx Xxxxxx X. Xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xxxx xx xxxxxx xx xxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx x xxxxxxxx 1968.
Xxx xxx xxxxxxxxx xxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx Xxxxxxx Xxxxx, xxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx Xxxxxxxxxx x 1950'xxxx. Xxxxxxx Xxxxx xx xxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx, Xxxxx Xxxxxxxxx, xxxxxxxxx xxx xx xxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xx xx Xxxxxxx.
X 1973 xxxx xxx xxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxx x Xxxxx, xx xx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxx xxxx xxxxx xxxxxxx xx, xxxxxxxxx Xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx Xxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxx xxxxxx x 1975. Xxxxxx x Xxxxxxx xxxxxx xxx x 1970 xxx Xxxxxxxx xx xxxx xxxxx xxx Xxxx.
Xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx xx xxx x Xxxxxxxx, xxx xxxxx xx Xxxxxxx Xxxxxxxx xxxx xxxxx xx xxxxxxx Xxx Xxx xxxx xxx xxxxxx. Xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx xxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx, Xx xxxx Xxxxxxx (Xxxxx Xxxxx), xxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxx xx xxxxxx xx x 1975 xxxxxxx xx xxx x Xxxxx Xxxx xx xxx xxxxxx. Xx xxxx Xxxxxxxx xxxxx xxx xx xxx Xxx Xxx, xxx xxxxxxx Xxx xxxxxxxxxxxx Xxxxxxxxx, xx xxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx, xxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx.
X 1978 xxx Xxxxxxxx x xxxx xxx Xxxxxxx, xxx x xxxxx xx xx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxx xxxxxx. Xx xxxxxxxx xx xx xxxxx, xxx xxxxxxxxxxxx Xxx xxxxxxxxxxxx Xxxxxxxxxxxxx, xxx Xxx Xxxx Xxxx Xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.

Kommunister og anti-kommunister i Latinamerika
XXX xxxxxxxxx xxxxxx 1970'xxxx xxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx, xxxx xxx xx xxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx. Xxxxx xxx xxx xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx x Xxxxx, xxx xxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxx xxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx.
Xx xxxxx xx xxxx xxxxxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx, xx x 1970 xxx Xxxxxxxx Xxxxxxx, xxx xxx xxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxx xx Xxxxx Xxxxxx, xxx xxxxxx. Xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx x xx xxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xx xx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx, xxxxxx xx xxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxx.
Xxxxx xxx x 1973 XXX x xxxxxxxxxx xxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxx xx xxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx x Xxxxx, xx x 1973 xxxxxxxxxxx Xxxxxxx Xxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxx. Xxxxxxx xxxx xxxxx xx Xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xx XXX.
Xx xx xx xxxx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx x Xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx x Xxxxxxxxx x 1979. Xx xxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx Xxxxxxxxx Xxxxxx xxx xxxxxx. Xxxxxx xxxxx x xxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx xxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxxx.
Xx xxx xxxxxx, xxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx, xxxxxxx xxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx xx XXX. Xx xxxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxx xxxx xxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx. Xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxx xxxxxxx xxxxx Xxxxxxx Xxxxx Xxxxxxx, xxx x 1933 xxxxx xxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxx xxx xxx xx xxxxxxx xxxxxx.

Afrika og Afghanistan
XXX xxxxxxxx xxxx xx xxxx xxx xxxxxxxx x Xxxxxx, xxxx Xxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx Xxxxxxxx xxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx, xxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx Xxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxx, xxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx.
X 1976 xxx xxxxxxxxxxxx xxx xxxxxx, xxx xxx xxx xxxxxxxxx, Xxxxx Xxxxxx, xxxxxxxx xx xxxxx xxxxx xx xxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxx xxx Xxxxxxxxxxxxx. Xxxxxxxxx xxxxx xxx xxx xx Xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xxx xxx xxxxxx x xxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx, xxx xx Xxxxxx xx Xxxxxxxx. Xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx XXXX 2-xxxxxxx xxx 1979, xxx xx xxxxxxxx, xx Xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxx xx xxxxxxxx xx xxxxx xxx XXX.
Xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxx XXX'x xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx xx xx xx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx, xx xx xx x xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xx xx xxxxx x xxxxxx. Xxxxx xxx xxx xxxxxx xxxxx xx, xx Xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx Xxxxxxxxxxx, xxx xxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxx xx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx. Xxxx Xxxxxxxx Xxxxx xxxx xxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxx Xxxxxxxx Xxxxx (1908-1978), xxx xxxxxxx Xxxxxxxxxxx xxx xx xxxxxxxx.
X xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx xxx xxx xxxxxxxx xxx xxx Xxxxxxxxxxxxx, xxx Xxxxx xxxxxxx xxx xxxxxx xx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx Xxxxxxx, xxx xxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxx Xxxxxxxxxxxxx. Xxxxx xxxx xxxxx xxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx xx xxxx xxxxxx x 1978.
Xxx xx xxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxx xxx Xxxxxxxxxxx x xxxxxxxx 1979 xx xxxxxxxx Xxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxx, xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxx x xxx xxxxxxx xxxx. Xxxxxxxxxx-xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxx xxxxxx xxx Xxxx, Xxxxxxxx, XXX xx Xxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx, xxx xx xx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx.

Situationen Asien
Xxxxxxxxxx Xxxxxxxx xxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxx, xxx xxx xxx xxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxx xxxxxxx-xxxxxxxxxx Xxxxxxxxxxxx xx xxx xxxxxxxxx Xxxxxxxxxxx, xxxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxx xxx xx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxx xx xxxxxxxx xxx xx xxxxxxxxx.
Xxxxx xxxxxxx xx x xx xxxxxxxxxx, xxx xxxxx xx xxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx, xxxxxxx xx xxxxxxx, xxxxxxxxx xxx xxx Xxx xxxxxx-xxxxxxxxxxx Xxxx x 1971. Xxxxxxxxxx xxxx, xx Xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxx xx xxxxxxx xxxxxx Xxxxxxxxxx.
X 1970'xxxx xxxxx xxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx x xxxx Xxxx xx Xxxxx. X Xxxx xxxx Xxx Xxxxxx x 1976, xx xxxx xxxxxxxxxxx, Xxxx Xxxxxxxx, xxxxxxxx xx xxxx xx xxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx. Xxxxx xxxxxx x xxx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx x Xxxx.
Xxxxx xxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxx xxxxxx, xx x 1970'xxxx xxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xxx xx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx xxxxx, xxxxxxxx, xxxxxxxxx. Xx xxxxx xxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxx xx xxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx.

Den 1. Oliekrise
Xxxxxxxxx xxxxxx Xxxxxxxx xx XXX xx xx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx x 1960'xxxx xxx Xxxxxxxx xxx xx xxxxx xx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxx xxxx, xx xx xxxxxxx xxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx x 1971 xx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.
Xxx xxxxx, xx xxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxx x xxxxxxxxx xxxxx, xxxxxxx xxxxx xxx xx xx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx. Xxxxx xxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxx x xxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx, xx xxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxx x 1971, xxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxx x xx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxx. Xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx, xxx xxxxxxx xx xxxx xxxxxx x xxxxxxx.
Xxxxxxxx xxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxx xxxxx xx xxx xxxxxxxxx xxx xx xxxx xxxxxxxx xx xxxxx. Xxx xxx xxxxxxxx x 1973 x xxxxxxxxxxx xxx Xxx Xxxxxx-xxxxxx.
Xx xxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx Xxx Xxxxxx, xxx 6. xxxxxxx 1973, xxxxxxxx Xxxxxxx xx Xxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxx xx Xxxxxx. Xxx xxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxx Xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx, xx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx (XXXX) xxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx 10 xxx. xx xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xxx xx xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx, xxx xxxxxxxx Xxxxxx.
Xx xx xxxxxxx xxxx xxxxx xxxx xxxxx xxxxxx, xxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxx xx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx. Xxx xxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx xxx x xxxxxxxx x xx xxxxxxxxx xxxxx, xxx xxxx xxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxx xx xx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxx.
Xxxx xx Xxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx, xxxxxxx XXXX, xx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx. Xxx xxxxxxx-xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx xxx xxxx xxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx, xxx x 1975 xxxxx Xxxxxxx xx Xxxxxx xxx xx xxxxxxxxxx, xxx xxx XXX'x xxxxxxxxx xxxxx xxx Xxxx Xxxxx-xxxxxxx x 1979.
Xxxxx Xxxxx xxxxxxxxxx Xxxxxx, xxx xxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx Xxxxxx xxxx xxxxxx xx Xxxxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx xx xx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxx. Xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxx xxxxx xxxxxxx xxx Xxxxxxx, xxx xxx xxxx xxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxx.

Den iranske Revolution og Irak
Xxx xxxxxxxxxx xx 1970'xxxx xxxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx, xxx xxxxx xx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx x 1979. X Xxxx xxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx. Xxx xxxxx xxx xx xxx xx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx, xx xxx xxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx, xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xx xxxxx xx xxx-xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx. Xxxxxx xxx, xx xxx xxx xxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxx xxxxxxxxxxx. Xxxxx xxxxx x 1978 xxx xxxxxxxx, xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxx.
X xxxxxx 1979 xxxx xxxxxxx xx xxx xx xxxxxx, xx xxx xxxxxxxx xxx Xxxxxxx. Xxx xxx xxxxx x Xxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxx, xxxxxxxxx Xxxxxxxx Xxxxxxxx, xxxxxxx xxx Xxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx. Xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx, xxxxxxxxxxxx xx xx xxxxxxx xxxx xxxxxx xxxx xxxxxx. X xxxxxxxx 1979 xxxxxxxxxx Xxxx xxxxxxxx XXX, xx xxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx x Xxxxxxx xxxx xxxxx xx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx. X 1980 xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxx xxxxxxxxx, xxx xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx.
Xxxxxxx xxxx x 1979 xxxxxxxxxxx x Xxx 2. Xxxxxxxxx. Xxxx xxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx, xxxxxxx xxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xx XXXX-xxxxxxx xxx xx xxxx xxxxxxxx xx xxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxx.
Xxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx x Xxxx xxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxx xxx Xxxxxx Xxxxxxxx xxxxx x Xxxx. Xxxx xxxxxx xx xxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx: xxxxxxxxxxxxx, xxxxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxx. Xx xxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxx x Xxxxxxx xx Xxxxxx xxxxxx xxx xxxxx xxxx xxxx, xxx x xx xxxx xxxxxxxxxx x xxxx xxx xxxxx. Xxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx x Xxxx xxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxx xx xx xxxxxxx xxx Xxxx, xx xxx xxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxx xxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx x xxx xxxxxxx Xxxx.
Xxx xx xxxxxxxxx xx xxxxx xxxxxx Xxxxxx Xxxxxxx, xxxxx xxxxxx xx xx xxxxx xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx xxxxxx Xxxxxx xx Xxx xxxxxxxx Xxxx, xx xxxxxxxx Xxxx x 1980. Xxxxx xxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxx xxx XXX, Xxxxxxxxxxxxx xx xx xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx xxxxxx.

Publikationsår: 2011

ARBEJDSSPØRGSMÅL:

1. Xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxx x Xxxxxx x 1970'xxxx?

2. X xxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxx xxx xx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx xx xx xxxxxxx xxxx?

3. Xxxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx xxxxxx?

4. Xxxxxxx xxx xxx xxx xxxxxxxx xxxxxx xx xx xxxxxx xxx xxxxxx x Xxxxxx?

5. Xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx x Xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx Xxxxxxxxxxxxx?

6. Xx xxxxxxx xxxx xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx xxx x xx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxx? X xxxxxx xxxxx xxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxx xxxxxx?

7. Xxxxxxx xxx Xxx xxxxx Xxxx xxx xxxxxx x Xxxxxx xx Xxxxxxxxxxx?

8. Xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx Xxx Xxxxxx-xxxxxx xxx xxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxx?

9. Xxxxxxx xxxx xxx xxxxxxx xxxx xxxxxxxx xxxxxx xx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxx?

10. Xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxx x Xxxx?




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